Period - Before 1200 AD
The Rajput clans appeared at this period and started controlling the
different parts of Rajasthan from about 700 AD. Before that, Rajasthan was a
part of several republics. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire. Other major
republics that dominated this region include the Malavas, Arjunyas,
Yaudhyas, Kushans, Saka Satraps, Guptas and Hunas.
The Rajput clans supremacy in the Indian history was between the 8th to the
12th century AD. The Pratihars ruled Rajasthan and most of northern India
during 750-1000 AD. Between 1000-1200 AD, Rajasthan observed the struggle
for supremacy between Chalukyas, Parmars and Chauhans.
Medieval Period - Between 1201 AD - 1707 AD
By 1200 AD a part of Rajasthan, India came under the control of Muslim
rulers. The main centers of their powers were Nagaur and Ajmer. Ranthambhor
was also under their throne. At the beginning of the 13th century AD, the
most raised and powerful state of Rajasthan was Mewar.
Modern Period - Between 1707 AD - 1947 AD
Rajasthan had never been united politically until its control by Mughal
Emperor - Akbar. Akbar created a unified province of Rajasthan. But after
1707, Mughal power started to declining. The political breakdown of
Rajasthan was caused by the seperation of the Mughal Empire. The Marathas
conquered Rajasthan upon the decline of the Mughal Empire. In 1755 they
occupied Ajmer. The beginning of the 19th Century was marked by the invasion
of the Pindaris.
In 1817-18 the British Government concluded treaties of alliance with
almost all the states of Rajputana. And henceforth, the British rule began
over Rajasthan, then called Rajputana.
Post Independence Rajasthan
The erstwhile Rajputana comprised 19 princely states and two chiefships of
Lava and Kushalgarh and a British administered territory of Ajmer-Merwara.
Rajasthan State was heterogeneous conglomeration of separate political
entities with different administrative systems prevailing in different
places. The present State of Rajasthan was formed after a long process of
integration which began on March 17, 1948 and ended on November 1, 1956.
Before integration it was called Rajputana; after integration it came to be
known as Rajasthan.
At present there are 32 districts (including the new district of Karauli),
105 sub-divisions, 241 tehsils, 37889 inhabited villages and 222 towns in
- one most vibrant state of India, is also the must visit
destination of India, for the tourists in India. Today, Rajasthan has
developed as one of the most well developed states of India. The State now
figures in the zone of consideration for major corporate houses. Rajasthan
has numerous small, medium and large scale industries of Machine Tools &
Parts, Agro. Food & Allied Products, Electronics & Related Products,
Electrical & Allied Products, Textile, Cement & Cement Products,
Chemical Gases, Lubricants & Plastics, Metal & Allied Products,
Automobiles & Parts, Ceramics and Glasswares, Drugs &
Pharmaceutical, Minerals, Stones, Lime & Products, Leather/Footwear,
Heavy Machinery/Structural Industries and many other miscellaneous
Over the years Rajasthan has succeeded in creating a positive,
investor-friendly environment through various policies and has come forth as
one of the preferred destinations for big industrial houses of the country,
as also for many distinguished multinational companies.